Discover the Sicilian indigenous grape varieties

  • Inzolia

    Inzolia

    Known in Sicily by different names (Insolia, Ansolia, ‘Nzolia vranca), Inzolia is a white grape variety anciently brought here by the Greeks. It also grows in Calabria and Tuscany (Ansonica), and in several wine regions of Western Mediterranean.

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  • Grillo

    Grillo

    Nobody outside Sicily knew anything about Grillo only 10 years ago. This is also still the case for many indigenous Sicilian grapes, but the one surprising thing about Grillo's is that its popularity has broadened from being totally obscure to becoming one of the most appreciated varieties in a very limited amount of time.

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  • Catarratto

    Catarratto

    Catarratto is one of the classic traditional white grape varieties of Sicily, and one of the most antique. Mostly planted in the Western part of the Island, it represents today about 33% of the Sicilian vineyard, mainly in the provinces of Agrigento, Trapani and Palermo.

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  • Frappato

    Frappato

    From a minor grape variety to a Sicilian superstar, Frappato has enchanted people's palate in a short time. It is a versatile grape: single varietal frappato is easy drinking and excellent companion for food; when blended with Nero d'Avola, it offers structure and elegance.

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  • Nero d'Avola

    Nero d'Avola

    Nero d’Avola is the most famous Sicilian red grape, and one of the most widely planted all over the Island. Covering more than 17.500 hectares, it represents today about 16% of the Sicilian vineyard.

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  • Perricone

    Perricone

    Perricone is a red grape variety that is indigenous to Western Sicily. Its origins date back to the Greek colonization of the Western Mediterranean, about the VIII century BC, and it has been cultivated since then in the “golden triangle” between Palermo, Trapani and Agrigento.

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  • Zibibbo

    Zibibbo

    Zibibbo is one of the rarest grapes in the world with a triple attitude: it is a wine grape, a table grape and a raisin grape. Its extraordinary adaptability is the main reason for a long history that dates back 5.000 years.

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Inzolia, the Mediterranean queen

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Known in Sicily by different names (Insolia, Ansolia, ‘Nzolia vranca), Inzolia is a white grape variety anciently brought by Greeks. It grows also in Tuscany (Ansonica), and in several wine regions of Western Mediterranean.

Historic evidence suggests that Inzolia has been introduced in Sicily between the 8th and the 7th century BC, during a massive migration from the Greek islands to the Western areas of the Mediterranean.
The reasons for those migrations were essentially related to economic factors: the growth of their population far beyond the capacity of their limited arable land was perceived as a constraint to further development by the small Greek city-states, which started to settle colonies in all directions, fostering a wide net for mercantile exchanges between the mother land and the new settlements.

Greek colonies were founded from Asia Minor to Northern Africa, and from Southern Italy to France and Spain, and newcomers eventually melted with the peoples already settled there. Many of the native populations were indeed very progressed: the Punics, founders of the ancient Carthage in modern Tunisia, or the Etruscans, in Central Italy, were advanced civilizations that could guarantee highly lucrative trades. Moreover, the demand for cultivable land and other natural resources (minerals, wood) were key factors that pushed to a large-scale expansion.

The Greeks were able merchants: they brought with them not only their know-how in construction (remember temples and theatres?) and agriculture, but also their laws, culture and life-style, of which wine was one fundamental component.


The symposium, or the activity of drinking together as a social habit, the ceremonial offer of wine to gods, the sacred status of the foreigner, who should be welcomed with ritual libations: those habits were introduced to the West by the Greeks together with several vine varieties, originally domesticated in Mesopotamia and Caucasus by 6.000 BC and subsequently adapted to many of the Greek islands.

Inzolia is one of those varieties: recent studies show that modern Inzolia is genetically linked to two Greek grapes, Rhoditis and Sideritis, which were originally grown in the island of Rhodes and around the city of Patras and are considered to be fathers to different western grape varieties as Airèn in Spain, Clairette in France and Ansonica in Tuscany.
 

CHARACTERISTICS OF INZOLIA GRAPES

Inzolia is a polyclonal variety, two main biotypes of which are currently being studied by agronomists. Other than Sicily, it is grown in Tuscany, in Calabria and Sardinia. Its preferred terroir is on the Western coasts of Sicily, in the golden triangle between Agrigento, Trapani and Palermo, but it can also be found in limited quantities on the Etna slopes, and in the provinces of Messina and Ragusa.

Inzolia is quite a productive variety, resistant to drought and to the most common vineyard’s diseases especially if grown close to the sea, where the saline environment helps the vines to defend themselves from mildew. Bud break is generally tardive, about the first decade of April, and grapes ripen in mid September.
Clusters are quite big, berries have a golden yellow thick and tannic skin, with a compact crunchy pulp.
 

INZOLIA TASTING NOTES: A MATTER OF TERROIR

Inzolia is known for its low acidity, and for a rather modest sugar content. Two qualities that require a great ability and winegrowing experience in order to determine the right moment for the harvest, when the phenolic ripeness of the grapes is balanced by acceptable levels of natural acidity: if harvest is delayed – looking for a higher sugar concentration – the risk is to pick insipid grapes that will lead to flabby, non interesting wines.

The vocation of terroir plays a central role in obtaining high quality Inzolia. For instance, phenolic ripeness generally occurs lately on the hills, when the Inzolia grapes’ natural acidity is below an acceptable degree.
On the contrary, at lower altitudes and close to the ocean, the sea brine (which is most evidently a distinctive feature of some terroirs) is able to compensate the soft quality of the Inzolia juice, enhancing the wines with a savory character and a fresh saline finish.

Inzolia is so much a part of the natural environment in Menfi that a few specimens of pre-phylloxera vines have been recently discovered right on the beach (read more here), thus acknowledging this small village as one of the most traditional and suitable terroirs for growing Inzolia in Sicily.

Citrus, white flowers and ripe fruit notes are the main characteristics of Inzolia wines: when they combine with saline, herbal and menthol hints enriched by an almond finish, then you will drink terroir in a glass and appreciate a surprising complexity.
 

SERVING TIPS AND FOOD PAIRING

Enjoy Inzolia on any moments of the day: as an aperitif, with risotto and light pasta dishes, with vegetables and soft cheeses: its smooth gentle body matches perfectly with crustaceans and all seafood, which sweet yet saline taste would be damaged by highly acidic wines.

Serving temperature should be cold but not chilled, about 50-54 °F (10-12 °C), to boost the wine’s iodized notes without shrinking its pleasant aromatic expression. Inzolia is at its best when enjoyed young, one or two years after the harvest, but the finest bottles made in the right terroirs can graciously evolve up to 3 or 4 years, developing a pleasant nutty aftertaste.
 

WINE SHEETS

Btg Tivitti Btg Dietro le Case 2021altrimenti new

Tivitti
Inzolia Menfi DOC

Dietro le Case
Inzolia Menfi DOC

 Altrimenti
Vino bianco perpetuo

 

MORE RESOURCES ON INZOLIA

Extraordinary Inzolia (Italian only)
Dietro le Case Vineyard
Understanding Massal Selection
The new vineyard of Inzolia – massal selection
Dietro le Case vertical tasting
Our recipe: Sicilian orange salad with anchovies
 

Inzolia: infografica vitigno e vino Want to know more about Inzolia?
Watch and download the complete infographic by clicking on the picture.
Feel free to use any of the information and pictures included in this article for your studies or presentations, by citing the source.


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Tags: Menfi DOC, Dietro le Case, inzolia, #SicilianWine, infografica, sicilian grape varieties, Tivitti

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